A year and a half after the assassination of the history and geography professor in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines), ten members of his family, with the exception of his ex-companion, had joined this complaint filed on April 6.

“Mistakes were committed both on the side of National Education and on the side of the Ministry of the Interior, without which Samuel Paty could have been saved”, had then indicated their adviser, Me Virginie Le Roy.

She did not respond to AFP on Thursday.

Requested by AFP, the Paris prosecutor’s office confirmed on Thursday that it had opened an investigation on April 19, entrusted to the Brigade for the repression of delinquency against the person (BRDP), for failure to assist a person in danger and failure to prevent crime. .

Two months ago, the lawyer for the former companion and the son of Samuel Paty, Me Francis Szpiner, had indicated that his client had “learned with surprise the filing of a complaint against X for failure to prevent a crime, procedure with which it does not intend to associate”.

The teacher’s ex-companion “considers that Salafist ideology is solely responsible for the death of Samuel Paty and that the state has always supported him and his son,” he added.

Long of 80 pages, the complaint of Me Le Roy targets the offenses of “non-prevention of crime and non-assistance to person in danger” and aimed “several agents of the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of National Education “who had to know, directly or indirectly, of the situation of Samuel Paty.

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One of the legal issues should be whether these agents could be aware of the existence of a real, targeted and immediate threat against the professor.

In detail, the complaint recalls the slow process, started with a course on secularism in the college at the beginning of October 2020, which culminated in the assassination on the 16th of the 47-year-old professor by Abdoullakh Anzorov, a Russian refugee of Chechen origin. .

The 18-year-old, radicalized, accused him of having shown caricatures of Muhammad in class and claimed responsibility for his action, congratulating himself on having “avenge the prophet”, before being killed by the police.

For the members of the Paty family who filed a complaint, “from October 8 and until October 16, Samuel Paty, the principal and the teachers identified a serious threat to their physical integrity and the security of the college”.

This threat resulted in particular from the media coverage of the case via social networks by Brahim Chnina, the father of a schoolgirl who claimed to have attended the course during which Samuel Paty had shown the cartoons, and by the sulphurous Islamist activist Abdelhakim Sefrioui.

But this “fatwa against the professor”, as the Minister of the Interior Gérald Darmanin had described it three days after the assassination, did not have a response to the height, they believe.

Mr. Darmanin then said “understand” the complaint of those close to the teacher, but considered that “the State will not have to be ashamed” of its action in this case.

In the anti-terrorist investigation into the assassination, at least fifteen people are indicted, including six college students, the father of the teenager and Mr. Sefrioui. The investigations could be closed by the end of 2022, according to a source familiar with the matter.