Several sources within the presidential camp told AFP that the executive was now leaning towards a new use on Monday of this constitutional tool, which allows a text of law to be passed without a vote, unless a motion of censure is adopted. But the scenario has already changed several times, depending on the evolution of the debates in the hemicycle on the expenditure of the state budget.

It would be by this new 49.3 to validate in first reading the whole of this finance bill (PLF) for 2023.

On the night of Friday to Saturday, the National Assembly unanimously validated the sensitive credits in favor of overseas, but deeply reviewed and corrected by overseas deputies, often against the advice of the government.

They are up by 300 million euros compared to 2022 (11%), reaching 2.4 billion, but were considered very insufficient by these elected officials, mostly opposition. They have redeployed envelopes in favor of access to water, housing or even food aid, with tens of millions of euros.

As a leitmotif, these parliamentarians urged the Minister of Overseas Jean-François Carenco to say whether these amendments were going to be retained in fine. “These votes count for butter? It will pose a hell of a problem”, noted Eric Coquerel (LFI).

Previously, the deputies had adopted without incident the credits of the “mission culture”, “historically high”, according to the minister Rima Abdul Malak, after having approved Thursday those allocated to justice and defense. Monday morning, it will be the turn of the “Ecology mission”.

MEPs are moving in slow motion, as if resigned to the fact that they will not go through with the many “budgetary missions” to be sifted through by November 15.

For the left, the postponement until next Friday of the examination of the highly inflammable chapter of “communities” is proof that the executive wants to put an end to the debates in the meantime.

– Motions of censure on Monday –

Elisabeth Borne on Wednesday engaged the responsibility of her government for the entire Social Security budget (PLFSS), via this constitutional tool decried by the opposition.

She had already done so before on the first part of this same text, as well as on the first part of the PLF.

A fourth use, on the entire PLF, would close the sequence of the first reading of the budgets in the Assembly.

But before the Senate, dominated by the right, seizes it, it will be necessary for the deputies to reject new motions of censure.

The first two of the left alliance Nupes (LFI, PS, PCF, EELV), on the receipts of the budget of the State and that of the Secu, were rejected, just like a motion of the RN.

Faced with 49.3 drawn on Wednesday, LFI this time goes it alone with its own motion, the Nupes assuming a strategic divergence on the advisability of a systematic deposit. Socialists, communists and ecologists fear to “trivialize” this tool.

The RN group has also tabled a motion on the PLFSS.

These two motions will be debated on Monday from 3:00 p.m.

The support of RN deputies led by Marine Le Pen for one of the Nupes motions last Monday was not enough to bring down the government, but it provoked heated debates.

Emmanuel Macron accused the left of being “hand in hand” with the far right, which the parliamentarians in question reject.

The draft state budget, which the right finds too expensive and the left not ambitious enough, contains in particular a “tariff shield” of 45 billion euros to limit increases in regulated gas and electricity prices to 15%. ‘electricity.

It also programs a pay increase for teachers or the creation of more than 10,000 civil servant positions.

As for the Social Security budget, which anticipates a sharp drop in the deficit, it provides in particular for improving prevention and reforming the training of general practitioners by adding a fourth year with internships “as a priority” in medical deserts.