The session should open at 4:00 p.m. with the intervention of the ministers and the various political groups. Then the Assembly will begin, probably on Tuesday, to tackle the more than 3,000 amendments tabled on this first part of the finance bill (PLF), which includes in particular a “tariff shield” of 45 billion euros against the explosion of energy prices.

MEPs must first consider the 2023-2027 budget trajectory. Less important than the PLF, this programming bill was rejected last week in committee to the chagrin of the government, which fears consequences for the payments of European funds to France.

It’s a whole budget marathon that begins until December, shrouded in the uncertainties of this new bubbling Assembly, since the June legislative elections which deprived Emmanuel Macron of an absolute majority.

Too expensive for the right, “austerity” for the left, “submitted” to Brussels according to the RN: the oppositions have ruled out supporting this 2023 budget. And the “Bercy dialogues”, organized in September by the government with deputies from all sides have changed nothing.

Recourse to Article 49.3 of the Constitution therefore seems inevitable. In the hands of the executive, this tool makes it possible to pass a text without a vote, unless a motion of censure is adopted.

“Our responsibility will be to assume to engage 49.3 sufficiently early if the oppositions block the debate morning, noon and evening”, hammered Sunday the leader of the Renaissance deputies Aurore Bergé.

Based on optimistic economic assumptions, this finance bill plays a balancing act between the desire to “protect” the French against soaring energy prices and not to increase the debt.

The course set is to contain the public deficit to 5% of GDP, despite the “tariff shield”, an increase in teachers or the creation of more than 10,000 civil servant posts, including 3,000 police and gendarmes.

– “To the nearest euro” –

“No new expenditure” can be introduced during the parliamentary debate if it is not “financed to the nearest euro”, has already warned the Minister of Economy Bruno Le Maire, leaving little grain to grind.

The oppositions will however not hesitate to advance their pawns.

The idea of ​​taxing “crisis profiteers” will make a comeback in the hemicycle. The left opposition Nupes (LFI, PS, PCF and EELV) hopes to obtain a referendum on these “superprofits” but proposes without delay a tax on the exceptional profits of the largest companies.

Weakened by the Quatennens and Bayou affairs, the Nupes hopes to bounce back on the social front, even if the government has stalled on the pension reform, and calls for a march “against the high cost of living” on October 16.

The RN is also pushing for the taxation of “superprofits”, but the majority rejects the idea of ​​a new tax targeting all sectors of the economy. And refers to the agreement being finalized at European level to involve energy companies.

MEPs should also scrap around the gradual abolition from 2023 of the CVAE, a production tax. A measure contested by the Nupes, which hopes for allies on the right on this point, but also by deputies of the majority sensitive to the discontent of the local authorities collecting this tax.

Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne tried on Friday to calm things down by promising an increase in their overall operating grant (DGF), to 320 million euros instead of the 210 million initially announced.

With so many sensitive issues, “something will happen every day in the hemicycle. We will often be beaten”, fears a framework of the presidential majority.

The macronists had a taste of it in committee, where they lost a series of votes, including the rejection of the introductory article which sets the objective of containing the public deficit at 5% of GDP.