half of the workers in Russia (49,7%) is subject to the risks of dismissal, reduction or delay of wages, and a forced leave of absence, warn the experts of the Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs.
the authors of the study, the epidemic coronavirus infection COVID-19 that led to temporary plant closures and decline in production, was a major shock to the Russian labour market, RBC reports.
According to estimates by the Russian Academy of national economy, based on the total number of the employed in Russia (70 million people, according to Rosstat), the group risk will be nearly 35 million workers.
At the same time the most vulnerable experts attributed the self-employed and individual entrepreneurs; workers most affected sectors (transport and communications, trade, service, nutrition, sports, tourism, education, science and culture, entertainment), unstable employment as gray earnings or wages below the subsistence minimum. Account of employees of private enterprises and over 16 years old. Part of state employees with wages below the subsistence level, for example employed part-time, also joined the group vulnerable.
Recall that the Russian economy in February—March 2020 was under the powerful impact of two negative factors — the rapid spread of the pandemic coronavirus infection COVID-19 and its deleterious effect on the global economy and collapse in oil prices. Against this background, the rouble significantly depreciated against the dollar and the Euro. Wave of devaluation held from 7 to 9 March and 18 March.
Reacting to the situation, the government and the Bank of Russia has prepared a plan of priority measures for the sustainable development of the economy. As explained by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, “it’s kind of the anti-crisis plan, a set of operational activities that are necessary for stable socio-economic development”. “We will focus on supporting industries that were in SLoinoi situation, but primarily on the support of the people and providing them with goods of first necessity”, — stressed the head of the Cabinet of Ministers.
In particular, it has been announced vacation credit for small and medium business and people who find themselves in a difficult situation, promised financial assistance to affected industries, provided soft loans, including the payment of salaries, reduced employers ‘ social security contributions, given the postponement of rent and tax payments, excluding VAT, imposed a moratorium on bankruptcy.
Later, it was adopted a second package of economic support measures (soft loans for working capital for strategic enterprises, non-repayable financial assistance to small and medium businesses, including on the issue of salaries and financial assistance to regions and airlines).
for its part, the Central Bank has approved measures to support citizens, the economy and the financial sector in a pandemic COVID-19, and then supplemented them with new packages.
may 11, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the end of may 12, a single period of days off, entered March 30, in the fight against COVID-19. He also announced the beginning of implementation of the third package of anti-crisis measures, under which the state, in particular, will increase targeted support for families with children, small businesses, individual entrepreneurs and self-employed. In addition, Putin instructed the government to prepare a national plan for long-term development of the economy, the recovery in employment and incomes.
on 27 may, the Minister of economic development (MED) of the Russian Federation Maxim Reshetnikov said that the total cost of anti-crisis measures to support the Russian economy, aimed at combating the impact of the pandemic coronavirus has reached 3.3 trillion rubles.
2 Jun Mishustin has presented to Putin a national plan for the recovery of the Russian economy in 2020-2021 years, noting in particular that the cost of the plan will be about 5 trillion rubles.
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