President Emmanuel Macron promised on Wednesday the purchase of additional planes to fight the fires, during a trip to Gironde, where two mega-fires destroyed nearly 21,000 hectares of forest.
“The 22 planes with which the Civil Protection has been equipped have been sufficient in recent years. (…) Do we need to have more? The answer is yes”, he judged.
With global warming, the fires should indeed intensify in regions where they are already recurrent, such as the Southeast, but also affect regions further north hitherto “immune” against these natural disasters, had warned. at the end of June, scientists from the National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (Inrae).
“The national context which requires the movement of air resources outside the usual area of action jeopardizes the coverage of the Mediterranean departments”, warned this week the president of the Var fire and rescue service (SDIS 83), Dominique Lain.
This department, both very wooded and very touristy, had been affected by the largest fire of the summer in France in 2021. More than 6,000 hectares had burned in the hinterland of the seaside resort of Saint-Tropez.
And this year, drought and heat waves pose significant risks.
However, it is no longer possible today to “pre-position as every year on the department of Canadair or heavy helicopters” when “the risk becomes maximum”, regretted Mr. Lain to AFP, due to mobilization of these resources elsewhere, mainly in Gironde.
“The rapid and massive attack strategy (…) on incipient fires, which has proven itself for 30 years, with a reduction in burned areas, is greatly degraded,” he said.
“The overall number of Canadair (water bomber planes) is insufficient for the territory”, also judged this week the president of the Alpilles park and the network of natural parks in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region, Jean Eat.
“It is today that the recruitment of pilots must be done, today that the orders for Canadair must be placed. (…) All this takes time and was not planned. Tomorrow, it will be maybe too late”, he warns, a few days after a fire which covered 1,600 hectares in the Provençal massif of Montagnette.
– Aging aircraft –
On paper, France has 19 water bomber planes based in Nîmes-Garons (Gard): 12 Canadair capable of carrying 6,000 liters of water each and seven Dash planes of 10,000 liters (Editor’s note: an eighth is expected in 2023 ), who refuel on the ground in one of the 22 “pelicandromes” provided for this purpose in France.
Three “Beechcraft” reconnaissance planes and helicopters including two heavy water bombers (4,000 liters of water) complete the system.
France has also acquired two additional Canadairs for 2025 as part of a grouped European order.
The president of the Paca region, Renaud Muselier, said Thursday that the region was ready to finance a third device. But he is waiting for the green light from the State, the only one authorized to place an order. “They don’t want to, I don’t understand why,” he regrets to AFP.
Mr. Muselier explains that he also wants to finance a new “pelicandrom” in Hyères (Var) and also wait for an authorization from the State for this.
“We wanted to make economies of scale. (…) Today, the reality is that the Canadairs are old planes of which only six out of 12 are operational, for maintenance or parts reasons. detached”, he says about the French air force.
As a result, some of the departments most exposed to fires are forced to finance the rental of aerial means themselves each year to complete the national system, as in the Var where the SDIS 83 invests more than 1.5 million euros per year. for four water bomber helicopters.
“The state must help us financially,” implores Dominique Lain, who made an appointment with Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin to express his concern. He calls for “collective awareness”.