And if, beyond personal opinions, our economic situation and its political heritage, the vote depended on where we live? This is the hypothesis raised by Le Cadran, a tool that summarizes the attractiveness of territories in metropolitan France with a battery of indicators (economy, tourist attraction, living environment, transport, etc.). For L’Express, they provide a comparison of the vote in the second round of the presidential election, with a simple but revealing observation: the higher the attractiveness score of a territory, the more the latter tended to vote for Emmanuel Macron. In other words, the elected president made his best scores in booming cities like Bordeaux, Nantes or Lyon.
Conversely, the less attractive territories favored Marine Le Pen.
The Cadran’s indicators therefore make it possible to establish a fairly significant correlation between electoral behavior and the attractiveness of a territory: the latter is weighted by the most important themes, such as access to employment, education or health of each EPCI (intermunicipalities, such as cities or communities of municipalities), but also the weather or connectivity. The map of France gives us interesting clues about this classification: the coastal territories are very attractive, due to a pleasant living environment and a tourist and economic dynamism. On the other hand, the former mining and peripheral regions of central France do not have much appeal. We will take two to analyze the link between attractiveness and the 2022 vote.
In Morbihan, the urban community around Vannes is one of the most attractive in France. Popular landscapes, a dynamic economy, structures of all kinds… this territory voted for Emmanuel Macron at 69%, ten points more than the national score.
At the other end of the spectrum, the Picardy countryside is much less attractive, in particular because of its economic and meteorological characteristics: no major centre, lack of health establishments… In the ballot boxes, the community of communes “Terre de Picardie” was largely won over to the cause of Marine Le Pen, with a score of 64%.
The Dial is a scientific tool that analyzes 150 indicators in real time and calculates three attractiveness scores (tourist, economic, residential). It makes it possible to measure the impacts of territorial policies for all intermunicipalities (EPCI: public establishments for intermunicipal cooperation) in metropolitan France.