Japan’s current Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, whose Liberal Democratic Party (PLD, nationalist right) was widely favored in the polls, denounced the “barbaric” attack on his former mentor, insisting on the importance of “defending free and fair elections, which are the foundation of democracy”.

“We will never give in to violence,” he added.

The shooting assassination of Mr. Abe, one of the Archipelago’s best-known politicians, has deeply hurt and moved people in Japan and abroad, and messages of condolence have poured in from all over the world, including from China and South Korea, with which Japan has often rocky relations.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, currently traveling in Asia, will also stop in Tokyo on Monday to offer his condolences in person, the State Department announced.

Mr. Abe’s office told AFP that a wake would be held on Monday evening, and the funeral on Tuesday, with Mr. Abe’s family and loved ones in attendance. They will take place at the Zojoji temple in Tokyo according to local media.

The alleged perpetrator of the attack, arrested at the scene, confessed to having deliberately targeted Mr. Abe, explaining to the police that he was angry at an organization to which he believed that he was affiliated. Some Japanese media mentioned a religious group.

This 41-year-old man named Tetsuya Yamagami is said to be a former member of the Maritime Self-Defense Force (the Japanese Navy), and told law enforcement that he used a homemade weapon.

– Inflation at the heart of concerns –

After being briefly suspended by the various parties at the news of the former prime minister’s attack, the election campaign resumed on Saturday with increased security measures, as the police in Nara admitted “undeniable” flaws in those surrounding Mr. Abe’s meeting.

It was dominated by local concerns, in particular price rises and risks relating to electricity supply, while the heat wave which has affected Japan since the end of June has raised fears of an electricity shortage.

“The world economy is stagnating and Japan is also in economic crisis in many ways, with wages not increasing,” said Shigeru Kato, 75, interviewed by AFP after leaving an office. voting in Tokyo. If we do nothing, “Japan will sink even more,” he added.

The ruling coalition, formed by the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD) of Mr. Kishida, 64, and his ally Komeito, could according to projections win more than 70 seats out of the 125 to be filled on Sunday (the Senate has a total of 248 seats, half renewed every three years).

For lack of being able to present an attractive alternative, the center-left Constitutional Democratic Party (PDC) risks, according to the polls, losing part of the 45 seats it currently holds, and its place as the main opposition force.

In a country often criticized for the lack of female representation in its institutions and the management of its companies, a record proportion of 33% of women are among the 545 candidates this Sunday.

A landslide victory in the senatorial elections would consolidate the power of Fumio Kishida, who has championed a more redistributive economic policy dubbed “new capitalism”, ahead of a three-year period without scheduled elections.

His close cooperation with Japan’s Western allies to put pressure on Russia has also been praised in the Archipelago, and his plan to “significantly” increase the defense budget is also popular, as China continues to assert its territorial ambitions in Asia-Pacific.

The trend of higher defense spending could strengthen further after the election, according to Yu Uchiyama, a professor of political science at the University of Tokyo, who believes that (Japan’s) “firm stance on the regard to China will probably be maintained”.