The novel, the television and the cinema have made the glory of these fictional characters. Yet, behind the famous d’artagnan, in the shadow of the terrible Dracula and under the mantle of Sherlock Holmes existed for real men. Even the female warrior Mulan, the avenger Zorro, and the series “Mission impossible” hide incredible fates.

Sherlock Holmes-does it really exist? The one that inspired Arthur Conan Doyle was more the type to wear the white coat and the knife badge. This is not in the ranks of the police as the british novelist drew its inspiration, but in the amphitheatres of the faculty of medicine of Edinburgh, where he studied between 1876 and 1881. When the first compendium of the investigations of Sherlock Holmes is published in 1892, Doyle dedicated it to “his former professor, Dr. Joseph Bell”. In a letter to the surgeon, the writer is explicit: “It is most certainly to you that I owe Sherlock Holmes, and even if, in the stories, I have the advantage of being able to …

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