It was miraculously found again on Tuesday, probably on the north side of the battlements of the nave. The Rooster at the top of the arrow fell on the eve of Our Lady date of 1835. It has been manufactured by les Ateliers Monduit, a firm of plumbing and copper foundry of art that has served many historical monuments between 1770, the date of its creation, and 1970, the year of its closure. These are out of the hands of its workers that are outputs, among other prestigious examples, the commemorative statue of Vercingetorix by Aimé Millet, the replica of hammered copper of Saint Michael Emmanuel Frémiet to the Mont Saint-Michel, or even the head of the statue Liberty enlightening The world of Auguste Bartholdi.

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In copper, the rooster weighs about 30 kg. Although dented “his condition allows a restore” was confirmed yesterday by Patrick Palem, the president of Socra. This company, based in Marsac-sur-l’isle, near Périgueux, which is already in charge of the twelve apostles and the four evangelists filed of Notre-Dame on the 11th of April, will also deal with the volatile. Any way he had to go there for a makeover.

The animal was designed by Adolphe Victor Geoffroy-Dechaume (1816-1892), one of the sculptors who worked for Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in the restoration of the cathedral in the Nineteenth century.

Eric Biétry-Rivierre

As the large statues, the animal was designed by Adolphe Victor Geoffroy-Dechaume (1816-1892), one of the sculptors who worked for the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in the restoration of the cathedral in the Nineteenth century and the reinvention of the arrow dismounted between 1786 and 1792. Geoffroy-Dechaume was a friend of Daumier, Corot, Daubigny, and Théophile Gautier. It was also an admirer of Victor Hugo. His style, though inspired by the gothic, is distinguished, however, clearly by a modernism of its own.

Serving as a “lightning rod spiritual”, the rooster contains relics, reputed to be remnants of the Crown of thorns, of saint Denis and sainte-Geneviève. And this since 1935. This year, cardinal Verdier, archbishop of Paris, had blessed the cock after a refurbishment. During this unique removing its 93 meters height, it was realized that the first relics had fallen into dust. It had therefore replaced, this time protected with a seal of lead.

The newspapers of the time, such as Hardball or Excelsior , had commented on the event. The passage we were reminded of the meaning. In a work of the Thirteenth century, the bishop of Mende assureque “the dominant cock of the bell tower symbolizes the vigilance prescribed by the evangelists In the same way as the rooster, the preachers are turning against the wind when they meet their opponents.”

others have seen in the cock of our steeples an allusion to the denial of saint Peter (“Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me three times”, Marc, 14). In christian art, the rooster is happy image of the resurrection of Christ (Dictionary of religious culture and catechetical , chanoine L.-E. Marcel). And also, for some, an invitation to repentance.

The tradition of the rooster dates back to the Ninth century

tradition has it that it is the bishop lombard Ramperto that, the first, in the Ninth century, was installed a cock on a bell tower (the church of Saint-Faustin to Breschia). In the aftermath, in this same period, pope Leo IV ordered the installation of a rooster monumental of the basilica of St. Peter. Struck by lightning in the Sixteenth century, this heavy bronze of 126 pounds is dropped and has never been back up… the rest of The archaeologists were able to prove that prior to Athens, a triton, serving as the wind vane on a tower had been replaced by an effigy to the form of the volatile.

Philippe Villeneuve, chief architect in charge of the work at the cathedral of Notre-Dame, takes the cock back from the furnace. Capture Twitter Jacques Chanut

anyway, the rooster is also a symbol of pagan and secular. This on gaulish coins, it is from the Ancient symbol of Gaul and the Gauls in the sequel to a game of words; the latin word “gallus” means both rooster and gaul. Julius Caesar in his book The Gallic War compares the valour of the cock protecting fiercely their backyard to the impetuosity of the enemy warriors.

today, the site of the Presidency of the Republic, states that disappeared in the high Middle-Age, found the rooster in Germany as early as the Fourteenth century to refer to France. From the Sixteenth, King of France, which is sometimes accompanied by this bird on the engravings, coins, etc

The Republic prefers to Marianne at coq

The French Revolution has made a more extensive use of the symbol, we read yet. It is found in particular on plates and on the seal of the Board. Proposed as an emblem of Napoleon I by a commission of councillors of State, he has been denied for the following reason: “the cock has no strength, it cannot be the image of an empire such as France”.

In 1830, he was again very appreciated. By order of July 30, 1830, the gallic rooster should appear on the buttons of the habit and must overcome the flags of the national guard. Scorned by Napoleon III who leaves the Church, he becomes a symbol quasi-official status under the Third Republic: the gate of the park of the Elysée Palace, built at the end of the Nineteenth century is decorated with a rooster and the gold piece struck in 1899 also.

If the French Republic prefers today Marianne, however, is on the seal of the State, which is the one of the Second Republic: Liberty seated holding a Rooster on a barrel with a rudder on which is represented the rooster. It is he who is sewn on the shirts of sportsmen of national teams. Thus, since the Nineteenth century, the rooster combines with beliefs both ancient and modern, to signify the union.

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The heirs of the builders of the cathedrals