After the introduction of the isolation mode 10% of Russians lost their jobs. This is stated in the research of the center for labor research and of the Directorate for expert analytical work of the HSE, which in the second decade of may conducted the online survey. In it have taken part more than 5 thousand respondents from different regions of the country. The results of the newspaper “Izvestia”.
More than 30% of those who managed to keep his job, said that after the spread of the coronavirus lost someone from their families.
40% of respondents reported that they have reduced the salary, and almost 20% are fully or partially deprived of bonuses. Faced with the detention of wages is about 7%.
declined wages in construction, trade and service sectors. Among the self-employed income has dropped by 75%, while employment at medium and large enterprises only 48%.
According to the newspaper, 11% of respondents were translated to incomplete working day or incomplete working week, 13% were sent to forced or quasiderivative leave (without pay or with partial compensation).
Earlier in the day, the labor Minister of the Russian Federation Anton Kotkov said that the number of officially registered unemployed in Russia amounted to 2.09 million people. Last Wednesday, according to him, the number of official unemployed persons exceeded 1.9 million the Minister warned that the growing number of unemployed citizens will make the third quarter of 2020 the most difficult labour market of the country.
Before that, the Ministry of labor has prepared a document on the special order of layoffs and the introduction of the idle mode during a pandemic, reported RBC with reference to the relevant document. The draft decree provides that during the period of forced suspension of activities of the company due to quarantine restrictions workers cannot be sent in a simple or fired by the employer.
it is Proposed that when reduction of number or staff, if the notice period expires in workers periodine quarantine, dismissal occurs on the next business day after the restrictive measures.
the document stipulates that in respect of employees who are not subject to restrictive measures (employees of the enterprises of the continuous cycle, pharmacies, grocery stores, banks, etc.), the introduction of idle time is carried out according to the current legislation: temporary suspension of work caused by the epidemic and any exceptional circumstances that threaten people’s lives, is idle for reasons beyond the control of the employer or employee, and is payable in the amount of not less than 2/3 of the tariff rate, an official salary, prorated downtime when downtime caused by the employer, it is to be paid at the rate of not less than 2/3 of the average wage of the employee.
during the period of restrictive measures, employees may be granted leave by agreement with the employer specified in the draft resolution. The “temporary disability in connection with the quarantine is not a basis for extension or transfer holiday”, reads the document.
the Ministry Also proposed to reduce the period of notice the employee about the change by the employer of the employment contract and mode of operation (including the introduction of a mode of incomplete working day or incomplete working week), from two months to two weeks if the need for those caused by the quarantine restrictions noted in the draft resolution.
at the same time, the Agency proposed to give the employer the right to transfer the employee without his consent is not conditioned by employment contract working for the same employer for a period of up to three months, the document says. According to the draft of the new regulation, transfer to a job requiring lower qualifications is allowed only with the written consent of the employee, and his salary should not be below average earnings on former work.
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