the international human rights group Agora has counted six separate technologies of collection and verification of information on the private lives of citizens. This is stated in the report “Pandemic surveillance” on methods of tracking the Russians in the era of coronavirus.
In particular, first of all, we are talking about centralized collection of information about citizens arriving in the country, region or locality. Further notes the system is digital or analog passes that allow them to limit the types of transport and purpose of movement as well as to differentiate between citizens on the scope of rights, surveillance, including with the use of face detection, tracking the location of citizens on location data transmitted by mobile devices and tracking applications, as well as the empowerment of surveillance by delegating police functions to private actors and representatives of other agencies.
collection of information and its processing were carried out across the country, said the “Agora”, though the choice of strategy and methods of surveillance were regional authorities.
it is Noted that various technologies of surveillance in connection with quarantine used in 61 regions of the Russian Federation. In fourth among the regions, which the government used all possible means of surveillance and control of citizens, entered Moscow and Moscow oblast, Bashkortostan and Primorsky Krai. In 15 regions, the authorities had implemented five methods to restrict citizens ‘ rights to freedom of movement and privacy, the report said.
In 23 regions was introduced the so-called “digital pass”, which was necessary for leaving the house in the conditions of the quarantine or for the movement on a personal and/or public transport. In 12 regions used the facial recognition system to identify violators of the quarantine. Almost half of the 85 Russian regions, officials granted extraordinary powers, including the ability to intervene in the private lives of citizens, it is wide range of subjects — from medical professionals and rescue workers to taxi drivers, vigilantes and members of Cossack societies. This has led including to the use of clearly illegal discriminatory practices against vulnerable groups, according to a report, the “Agora”.
it is Noted that in the future if you encounter such “emergency” circumstances, “which can now be declared as anything — from a new epidemic or man-made disaster before the mass protests is the accumulated during the quarantine experience and resources will allow you to quickly deploy a dense observation and differentiate citizens on the scope of rights and freedoms”, the authors of the report. As it turned out, for the authorities do not even need to declare a state of emergency or state of emergency, they summarize.
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