Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne should set the tone early in the morning on BFMTV, just before a busy Council of Ministers: on the menu, finance bills (PLF) and social security financing bills (PLFSS) for 2023.

But also a bill on renewable energies that Emmanuel Macron intends to develop “twice as quickly”, by speeding up the procedures for public inquiries and appeals, in particular for offshore wind turbines and for solar panels, than the government wants to see flowering on parking lots, highway edges and agricultural land.

The PLF will be “a protection budget”, argued Sunday the Minister of Public Accounts Gabriel Attal, Sunday in the JDD, highlighting in particular “the tariff shield” to limit the increase in gas and electricity bills to 15%. electricity for the French.

What better to limit than in other European countries the explosion of prices due in part to the war in Ukraine. But that should not be enough to find allies on the opposition benches, to the point that Gabriel Attal deemed “probable” in fine the use of Article 49.3 of the Constitution, which allows the adoption of texts without a vote. .

As for the Social Security budget, the government, in its financing bill consulted by AFP, is counting on a deficit reduced to some 6.8 billion euros, a marked improvement compared to 2022. But with a deficit in the old-age branch rising again, making it essential, according to the government, to extend working hours.

– “Not to parts” –

“Yes, we will reform pensions”, promised Sunday Mr. Attal, like the Minister in charge of Relations with Parliament Franck Riester but without specifying the timetable, the content (decline in the legal age or extension of the duration of contribution?).

And above all, without excluding an amendment to the PLFSS which could be the subject of a 49.3 but which makes it jump into the ranks of the majority.

“Everything is on the table”, assured Franck Riester, the amendment to the PLFSS remaining “a credible hypothesis”, according to him in the same way as an “ad hoc project”.

“We are not in parts”, retorted the ally of the Modem François Bayrou, calling to give himself “three or four months”. And recalling his warning at the time of the crisis of “yellow vests”: “we do not govern against the people”.

Sign of tension, the entourage of Emmanuel Macron announced Friday a meeting this week between Emmanuel Macron and Elisabeth Borne with the leaders of the majority and the ministers concerned.

Anyway, “let’s decide quickly”, urged former Prime Minister Edouard Philippe on Saturday.

Unions and oppositions are up against a flash reform, including LR, which nevertheless considers it essential to reform pensions.

– “Declaration of war” –

An amendment to the PLFSS “would be a declaration of war”, launched LFI deputy Manuel Bompard on Sunday.

LFI and the RN have promised motions of censure and the RN will vote for other motions, “whatever their origin”, said Marine Le Pen.

To bring down the government, however, a very broad coalition of oppositions would be needed, including LR, which is currently unlikely.

In addition to pensions, several points in the budget promise lively discussions in Parliament.

The Nupes and the RN are notably pushing for a tax on “superprofits”, in the face of a divided majority on the issue.

Communities, faced with exploding energy bills, will be another “very hot point” in the debates, according to the general rapporteur for the Budget Jean-René Cazeneuve.

In addition to the PLF and the PLFSS, the government must also present its public finance programming bill for the five-year term on Monday.

In an opinion issued on Sunday, the High Council of Public Finances (HCFP) deemed “unambitious” and “particularly fragile” the path envisaged to reduce the deficit from 5% to 2.9% by 2027.

He also considers the government’s 1% growth forecast for 2023 “a little high”.