“Rosbalt” continues to acquaint readers with the series of lectures Daniil Kotsyubinsky “In search of the real king,” about the history of Russia from Rurik to Putin.
At the thirteenth lecture, the historian explained why “the meek Elisavet”, as it was called in my childhood, the daughter of Peter I, Elizabeth Petrovna, resorted to such inhuman steps in order to take the throne.
“Before the overthrow of Ivan VI Antonovich — or rather, his mother and Regent Anna Leopoldovna, the wife of Generalissimo Anton of Brunswick, Elizabeth hesitated. From nature she was human, pure and not too tricky. Besides, she was friends with my great-niece who was younger than her for 9 years and confidently called his cousin aunt “sister”. For its part Anna Leopoldovna didn’t believe those who warned her of the impending plot, in particular, the Vice-Chancellor and actual Prime Minister, Andrei Osterman,” said Kovel.
But eventually Elizabeth decided on the most serious state crime. According to the historian, she wanted to become Empress after her mother, Catherine I, made in the years 1726-1727 will in her favor: that Elizabeth had to sit on the throne in the case of childlessness of Peter II, the grandson of Peter I and the son of the unfortunate Tsarevich Alexei, and the death of his elder sister Anne.
“Despite the fact that A. Peter II died in 1730, without even having to get married (Anna Petrovna died in 1728), the Supreme privy Council ignored the will of the late Empress Catherine I and was invited to the throne not her daughter Elizabeth, the widowed Duchess of Courland Anna Ivanovna — daughter of the elder brother of Peter, Ivan V. She, in turn, dying in 1740, bequeathed the throne to his Grand-nephew John A., son of her niece Anna, the daughter of her late elder sitry — Catherine Ivanovna of Mecklenburg,” said Kovel.
However, according to the historian, overthrowing the Emperor of the baby, who was not yet six months, and dooming all of the Brunswick family to a painful imprisonment in the fortress first, and then in the distant Kholmogory, and the John — to life imprisonment in solitary confinement, Elizabeth at first pretended that nothing bad overthrown the family will not do.
“Perhaps kissing the baby before sending him with his family “abroad”, as was initially announced, and she believed it. But then he changed his mind and his word is not kept, knowing full well that usurped the throne and, if at some point Ioann Antonovich declare their Imperial claims, he will have all legal grounds,” explained Kotsyubinsky.
According to experts, is primarily the reign of Elizabeth associated with its light-minded, ostentatious struggle against “German domination”, protection of Russian national staff and the French Baroque fashion, but also with a passion for outfits and jewelry. In addition, there was imposed an indefinite moratorium on the death penalty — and, perhaps, this is the best time to do Elizabeth for twenty years.
increased Dramatically the persecution of old believers — a few thousand people in the end chose to burn himself, to save the purity of their faith, which encroached the government. The country entered into a protracted, bloody and costly, albeit successful, but obscure and unpopular in Russian “summit” the Seven years ‘ war.
“the Reign of Elizabeth completed her father period “educate absolutism” when the emperors claimed that their only goal is “the good of the Fatherland,” and came close to the epoch of “enlightened absolutism” when the Supreme VLASt will begin to publicly talk about “natural human rights” and “the happiness of all his subjects”” the historian concluded.
Complete video lecture you can watch at the link.
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